Annotated Bibliography 3 and 4

Hunter-Gault, Charlene. “Hard Times at Howard University.” The New York Times. 4 February 2014.

In this article, Charlene Hunter-Gault explains the challenges faced by Dr. Wayne A. I. Frederick, the acting president of Howard University, who struggles to compete with elite colleges. His challenges include new restrictions on federal loans, financial mismanagement and board infighting, and the nation’s diversifying landscape. The author also f some of the economic challenges that are faced by black colleges of the region through a number of cases that include Hampton University, Fisk University, and focuses the University of Georgia.

The author also explains that the students at Howard demand “Transparency, Accountability, and Responsibility” and push for a change in the financial leadership of their school. They are concerned about the fiscal direction of the school and some public relations blunders, such as bonuses granted to high-level administrators in the amount of $1.1 million, that occurred in the past years at Howard. On the other hand, Hunter-Gault includes testimonies of students who consider Howard an outstanding educational institution. This source is going to support my point about the challenges faced by Howard University,  the efforts they make to overcome them as they move toward the future, and the reclamation of their Mecca, which has been tampered.


Tressel, Ashley. “Howard Hospital Rises in the ranks.” Willits News, 22 December. 2016,

After large renovations, Howard hospital has risen in the rankings and demonstrated the quality of care after receiving millions of dollars in grants from Advent Health. The article does not indicate specifically who did the assessment for the new ranking, but only discussed some of the new equipment purchased and where the money came from. All that is mentioned is Howard Hospital is a level IV trauma center and stakeholders hope to maintain its 4-star patient rating.


While the information in this article seems credible and interviews were conducted with medical staff at Howard Hospital, more information is needed, so this article will serve as a starting point into understanding Howard Hospital’s financial situation. Howard Hospital, had until recently been strapping Howard University of much needed capital, so it remains to be seen if this situation is faring better, I will use this in my research to demonstrate the ever changing adaptations Howard Hospital has had to face, and the effects it has had on the school and community.

Office Hours Visit

On April 20, I went in for an office hours visit with Professor Hoskins to discuss my first Essay. The meeting was very insightful and I received a lot of information on how to further enhance my paper and different ways to incorporate multimodal components into the paper. We also discussed my final project and how Howard University is preferred to as the Mecca. This meeting was very informative and cause a sparked interest in the writer, Ta-Nihasi Coates. Professor Hoskins gave me multiple ideas on how I can incorporate his book into my essay and use his discretion of the Mecca (Howard University) and compare it to my project as a whole. This meeting helped me get a clearer understanding of the direction I should go with my paper and was a step forward in a positive direction.

Commonplace 10

Rap Freestyle is something that has been around for years and is style common till this day. Some are hailing bBig Sean specifically because he is being quoted for saving rap music. His flow and music style has made him come hailed as the greatest rapper of our generation. The album, To pimp a Butterfly, not only focused on racial issues that effect everyday black americans. Lamar has transcended beyond traditional rap and has broadened his surrounding by working with artists like Beyonce and Taylor Swift. What is important about Lamar is he still focuses on what makes him great which is his freestyles. These are what established him as a metaphor king and he never seems loose track of his humble beginnings growing up in the hood of Compton, California. He is able to connect to not only his fans but everyone who can find some sort of relationship with his albums and his freestyles.

Commonplace 7

In Worstward Ho!, Samuel Beckett writes the following:

“Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try again. Fail again. Fail better.”

Samuel Beckett is letting his audience know that is perfectly okay to fail. The only thing is if you fail you fail with grace and learn from that failure. Once you learn from it figure out what you can do differently and improve on it. Beckett used simplistic terms when referring to failure to talk to the middleman. His goal is to reach individuals who may not look at failure as beneficial and will instead think because they failed its the end which is not the case. I think that if Beckett used any other forms of punctuation it will definitely affect the meaning of the quote. The periods emphases a declaration and makes a statement. If the author used an exclamation point it will lose its meaning and make it seem like a motivational statement.