Category Archives: AB

ab 9+10

“Reimagining Union Station.” The Washington Post, WP Company,

This source is a special one. This article touches on eventing we discuss in our class. This article touches on the gentrification of D.C, the evolution of D.C as an architectural city and, most importantly talks in depth about the development about Union Station. Union was never the grand masterpiece that it was today. It was built then renovated into something much grander then it previously was. Another interesting thing about this website is that it breaks down the development of Union station. There are three separate sections; Past, present and future. The past describes how the station started. The present describes what its currently evolved into. All the improvements to make what Union is today. The furure section of the article outlines the future plans of the station. They plan on expanding it by digging a tunnel under H street to expand the station and cover two blocks instead of one. This can be read as the literal, as an expeansion of a building. This could also be read as the ever expanding and improving city of D.C. Having to expand due to the gentrification and rise in population and popularity.  I see this article serving as all elements of the BEAM model. Because this article is so in depth and covers a lot, it can be used in multiple ways. Im going to be using this article as an exhibit because I can analyze the transformation and design of the station overall.

Union Station: Washington DC.” Union Station: Washington, D.C., American Planning Association

I believe that this source qualifies as a method. This article is really good at illustrating the planning and design of the building. This article is similar to many of my other sources, however it differs by adding photos and small little  of the photo. This source also talks a lot about the architects that were involved in the project. This source is a pretty good overview of the station.

Annotated Bib 78

“Washington, DC Fact Sheet.”,, 9 Mar. 2017,

The first first source that I am chasing to write about is an collection of statistics about D.C.  Everything from demographic information of the citizens of D.C to the climate to different information about the universities in D.C. However the most valuable parts of information on this website that are helpful to my website are the traveling information. The specific information that I am planning on using from this website are the statistics on the transportation and visitor statistics. The transportation information illustrates the number of translations, train stops, types of public transportation including busses, trains and taxis. The visitor stats illustrate how many visitors per year visit the attractions such as the monuments, memorials and museums. I think that this source is mainly a background source. I could also argue that this is an exhibit source too. I could use specific facts from this article to analyze the frequency and practicality of Union Station. However, I feel that doing that sort of analysis would require a lot of assumptions due to the lack of specific information regarding Union Station. I would mainly be drawing conclusions basesed on the travel statistics and about of visitors to the attractions. This source acts as a background source much better because it offers me context to the popularity and visitation frequency of D.C.

“Burnham Place at Union Station .” Burnham Place at Union Station

The second source that I am writing about is an article that outlines the goals and the mindset of the main architect that designed Union Station, Daniel Burnham. This article is short but actually really informative on the purpose of the station. This article illustrates how versatile Union station can be. Not only is it a transportation Mecca for people all around the country, but it also serves as a shopping center and a national landmark. The article describes Union Station as a ” Multi- Modal station”. The article comments on the unique architectural design that allows for more then the conventional about of people to occupy the station. This was a practical decision that is perfect for the use of a train station. This article is exactly what I was looking for when trying to connect the design of the station to its practicality. For this reason, Im going to be using this source as a method, using the concepts regarding the design of the train station and apply it to my rhetorical analysis.

Annotated Bib 5+6


“Union Station’s ‘Forgotten’ Historic Interior Spaces.” Streets of Washington, Streets of Washington, Accessed 9 Apr. 2017.

I am going to be using this source as my exhibit. Because my main topic of discussion throughout this essay is talking about the effects of the aesthetics of union station, this article is perfect. The main point of this article is analyzing and giving context to the different rooms and structures. The article talks about the structures on the inside and outside of the building. This source also has pictures to go with the descriptions, just like my essay. I am easily able to implicate this source in to my essay. For most of the essay I am analyzing different aesthetic aspects of the station. With this source as my exhibit, I am able to use examples from the text to not only give me a better understanding of the station it self, but also use the specific examples in the text as evidence to my claims throughout the essay.

“Washington – Union Station, DC (WAS).” Great American Stations, Great American Stations

This source is the perfect background source for my essay. This article gives a brief overview of the history of the train station’s history. The article also talks about L’Enfant. L’Enfant was the architect who built the mall and who strategically placed the station at the top of the mall. In my essay I speak about the rhetorical effect of the station being placed where it is. What I really like about this article is that it talks an immense about about the design of the station as well as the design of DC as a whole. This article also offers statistical information regarding the station. I can use both the information about the construction of D.C/ Union Station as well as use the statistical information to have a better understanding of the rhetorical meaning of the D.C train station as a whole. With this information readily available, my essay can flow better

Annotated bib 3+4


National Parks Service. “Union Station.” National Parks Service, U.S. Department of the Interior, 2016,

I will be using this source as a background source. This source goes in depth on the history of union station from the earliest of times. This source talks about how Union was designed to be and how it is strategically placed in the mall. This source will provide all the context that I need regarding Union Station. By having historical context to the train station, I can be more confident when making a claim about the architecture or the design or purpose of the building. The historical context gives me grounds on which I am able to argue. I can also use this source as my exhibit. I can analyze what was going on in the time of this station being built and apply what its original rhetoric effect was compared to what it has evolved to today due to the change of times. This is both an exhibit and background source


“Union Station.” DCNRHS – Washington, D.C. Chapter NRHS, DC National Railroad Historical Society

I will be using this source as my exhibit. For a lot of my paper, I am analyzing the aesthetics of union station and the station’s intended rhetorical effect on the people inside the station. This cite gives me detailed analysis of the structures. This site also provides historical context by providing dates. Union station has been renovated several times and this cite clearly shows which renovations were made and when. These renovations all were for are for a reason. I’m going to analyze these renovations and talk about their rhetoric effect. This source could also be used as a background source. Even Though I feel that I will be taking quotes directly from this source and analyzing their effect, I can also see me just reading through this source to get a better grasp of how this trainstation came to be. Just like my previous background source, this source and be very informative by keeping the information in the back of my mind so I have a more solid grasp on the station.


Gander, Kashmira. “How Architecture Uses Space, Light and Material to Affect Your Mood.”The Independent, Independent Digital News and Media, 19 Apr. 2016

I’m going to be using this source as my argument. My main thesis is that buildings have an equal effect on the people just as the people have an effect on the building. This article discusses how architects use the buildings light, space and material to effect the users of the building. This article gives examples of already pre existing modern buildings that utilize light and design to send a subconscious method on the people inhabiting the buildings. This article stresses that buildings are built first and foremost for the occupants. I feel that this parallels with the intentions of the design of union station.


Tudorica, Alexandria. “The Influence of Train Stations’ Environment on Travelers’ Origin Station Choice Behavior: a TOD Approach .” Technical University of Eindhoven, 2014.

I am going to be using this source as my Method. This essay focuses on the environmental influences that transactions give because of their design. So this essay is quite different from the point that I’m trying to convey in my essay, however, the concepts are similar. Tudorica talks about how train stations have some sort of rhetorical influence on the environment around them, that’s more or less the same message that I’m trying to convey in my essay.

Annotated Bibliography


Built Environment Annotated Bibliography

Castaneda, Ruben. “Addiction Battled Ambition For Reporter Caught In D.C.’s Crack Epidemic.” NPR, NPR, 3 July 2014. Accessed 15 Feb. 2017.

The reason why I chose this article is because it will provide the proper amount of context and explanation of the tone and cultural mood of the time the book was written. I see this source as more of a contextual source, to help align my essay with Castaneda’s personal experiences. Also, given that this is a direct interview with castaneda, rather than a traditional article, it will have the actual words spoken by castaneda which includes the emotion that is portrayed through his vocabulary and diction. This article goes in depth when describing the aura surrounding drugs, crack and murder. This source also does a really good job describing Castaneda’s personal experiences in D.C. regarding these drug epidemics. I can directly quote this article when I need to provide matter-of-fact quotes regarding Castaneda’s experience in this city, more specifically, how this city was back in the crack era versus how it is now given the gentrification and development of built structures.

“Washington, DC :: History of the Station.” Union Station, Union Station, 2016, Accessed 15 Feb. 2017.

The reason why I chose this article is because it will provide the proper historical and, somewhat, a cultural context to my location, Union Station. This article provides almost more information then I actually need, detailing every advancement of the interior and exterior of the station. Along with these aesthetic additions, the Government, economic and social influence is all detailed in this article as well. I believe that this article will provide good context, not only in my essay, but also to me personally. As I read about this building, I am able to get a better grasp on the history of the building, therefore I am able to more easily make inferences and draw conclusions regarding its social effect on the social environment at the time. I see this article as a background source almost. I believe I will be using bits of this article throughout my essay somewhat, but I feel that the importance of this article is its information to me personally. To understand a concepts, you have to know the history surrounding it. It would be quite difficult to write about A building I know nothing about.