The primary work of the Review Board will be effectuated on three Sub-committees:
Science Sub-Committee. The Science Sub-Committee will be charged with scrutinizing the science associated with both phases of the field experiment proposed by the Research Team. It will be provided access to all pertinent scientific data associated with the development and execution of Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the field experiment. The Sub-Committee’s remit will include:
Assessment of the research methodology for both phases of the proposed initial field experiment in the Caribbean;
Identification of strategies and options to reduce any risks associated with Phase 2 of the field experiment;
Assessment of research results in Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the field experiment, including a mapping on the experiment’s objectives and evaluation of impacts of the experiment on the field experiment venue’s coastal ecosystem;
Assessment of the project’s ongoing monitoring program;
Recommendations for further research.
It is anticipated that the Scientific Sub-Committee will consult with outside scientific experts in pertinent phases of its inquiry, including scientists with knowledge of the specific venues in which Project Vesta experiments may be conducted.
Legal/Financial Sub-Committee. The Legal/Financial Sub-Committee will be charged with providing independent views on the project’s compliance with pertinent host country legal and regulatory requirements, other relevant international standards or guidance, as well as questions associated with the funding of the experiment. The Committee’s remit will include:
Review legal advice provided to the Project Team on pertinent environmental laws and regulations in the Caribbean (the site of the Project’s initial field experiment) and the Project Team’s plan for compliance; identify any concerns and assess the Project Team’s compliance with this framework in Phases 1 & 2 of the field experiment;
Identify any additional standards, guidelines or best practices relevant to the project, propose measures to comply, and assess Project Team’s compliance with these standards;
Based on information on funding sources provided by the Project, identify any situations that may give rise to potential conflicts of interest or self-dealing practices.
The Sub-Committee will provide guidance and advice to the Project teams in terms of optimal public engagement protocols for the local and national contexts of the experimental venue in the Caribbean. It may also recommend public deliberative protocols for a global audience given the Project’s aspirations to ultimately deploy coastal enhanced weathering globally in the future. The Sub-Committee will emphasize the need to ensure that deliberative fora are broadly representative and accessible.
Public Engagement Sub-Committee. PVRB recognizes the critical role of public education and engagement related to this potential emerging climate response given its wider implications for climate policymaking, and the potentially substantial ramifications in terms of coastal ecosystems and economies, as well as ocean ecosystems. The Public Engagement Sub-Committee will review Project Vesta’s engagement plans and provide advice in an effort to ensure effective public education and deliberation.
PVAC deliverables, all of which will be available on the Institute for Carbon Removal Law & Policy’s website (https://www.american.edu/sis/centers/carbon-removal/), will include the following:
A report appraising the research methodology for the proposed initial field research experiment of the Project Vesta Research Team in the Caribbean, as well as legal compliance and assessment of financial integrity;
A report assessing the scientific results from the initial field experiment, including estimated carbon sequestration, ecosystem co-benefits, if any, and negative ecosystem impacts, if any, and recommendations for next steps;
A report assessing the Project Team’s public engagement protocol and results of public engagement processes. Webinars and podcasts reporting on the results of the reports described above.