Tiandi vs. Bodhisattva Kshitigarbha
Although depicting different subjects, both images have a very similar hierarchical composition, with the most high-ranking figure being the center of attention. It is notable that although Bodhisattva Kshitigarbha depicts a Buddhist imagery, the figures on the sides and beneath the Bodhisattva, likely to be the kings and officials of the hell, are dressing in similar costumes as the figures in Tiandi, which were based on the costume of Confucian officials. Just as in Tiandi, the Jade Emperor, largely associated with the monarch, was placed at the center, Korean artist placed the Bodhisattva in the place of an emperor. The hierarchical composition in the religious image also reflects the Confucian hierarchy in the secular world as well.