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In Chapter 7 of City of Rhetoric by David Fleming; he talks about how the majority of society see thoses that live in public housing projects and the assumptions that are made about the communities and the people that live in them. Fleming uses the the example of Chicago’s Cabrini Green Homes to further elaborate […]

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Reading Analysis 3

In their book Black Georgetown Remembered: A History of Its Black Community from the Founding of “The Town of George in 1751 to the Present Day, Kathleen M. Lesko and Valerie Babb bring to light the African American influence on Georgetown, D.C. and how its past has influenced it today.  Lesko and Babb compare the past with […]

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Commonplace 6

1. When Mary makes her famous chicken parmesan dinner, Jim likes to eat chili. Because I started my sentence with ‘when,’ the first clause isn’t independent (it can’t stand alone). Next up, we have the first subject and verb – ‘Mary makes.’ The ‘when’ makes it so that the action of Mary making something leads to […]

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Analysis of Schindler’s Architectural Exclusion Theory Pt. II

In Part II of  “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Designs of the Built Environment,” Sarah Schindler outlines the various ways states and communities actively practice architectural exclusion which further perpetuate racism and classism. The methods of architectural exclusion are addressed were physical barriers, transit laws, placement of highways and one way streets, An […]

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Annotated Bibliography 1 & 2

1. Background Ecker, Grace Dunlop. A Portrait of Old George Town. 1933. Richmond. https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.b4405139;view=1up;seq=43. Dunlop Ecker’s A Portrait of Old Georgetown is a non-fiction account of the history of the physical area and people of Georgetown from the first settlement in the 1600s to the early 1930s. The author, Grace Dunlop Ecker, wrote it to be not […]

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RA: Exclusion in the Built Environment

Reading Analysis of “Architectural Exclusion” In her article “Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation Through Physical Design of the Built Environment,” Sara Schindler argues the theory that architecture itself regulates human behavior.  In the first part of her article Schindler introduces the term “architectural exclusion” meaning that the build environment is often designed to discriminate against certain […]

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The Systematic Oppression of Architecture and Design

The systematic oppression of architecture and design of cities increases racial prejudices by keeping people separated by race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status. Sarah Schindler, author of Architectural Exclusion: Discrimination and Segregation through Physical Design of the Built Environment, reintroduces the idea of the systematic oppression, stating, that “throughout history, people have used varied methods to […]

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