As per Booth et al.’s formulation, I am proposing to research the post-conflict recovery process for survivors of conflict-related sexual violence because I want to find out why, despite many attempts across the world and the use of international legislation, many people do not receive the aid they need to recover, in order to help my reader understand the obstacles that survivors face and to adequately offer the treatment and services that they need.
The question I pose is: What explains variation in the outcome of the recovery process for victims of conflict-related sexual violence?
With this question in mind, the dataset that I am discussing is the 2018 Women, Business and the Law Report produced by the World Bank. Since 2009, the World Bank has annually produced a report on the state of gender equality in the eyes of the law. It organises the data into 7 main categories: “accessing institutions, using property, going to court, providing incentives to work, building credit, getting a job, [and] protecting women from violence.” With data collected from 189 countries, the dataset provides a number of questions for each category with most of them being “yes/no” answers. Additionally, it provides the income level and the region of the country.
I intend to use a nominal scale to measure the dataset as most of the data in the collection is a yes or no statement, with a few of the indicators having numerical interval data. With regards to my research, the dependent variable would be the outcome of the recovery process, and whether it was a success or a failure. The various independent variables that I intend on using are the indicators put forward by the dataset itself but also add more variables that relate directly to the conflict aspect of my research, and look at variables like:
- Whether or not there was a conflict in the region?
- If there was a conflict, were there any recorded cases of conflict-related sexual violence against civilians?
- Post-conflict, were there any commissions set up to help survivors achieve judicial justice?
The benefits of this dataset are mainly that the report encompasses a vast range of countries and there appears to be very clear data for all of those countries under every indicator. However, the limitation that appears with this data set is that since it does not necessarily relate directly to my topic, there is very little information that I could truly cull out of it – which may make the dataset very limited for my research.
Booth, Wayne; Colomb, Gregory; Williams, Joseph; Bizup, Joseph and Fitzgerald, William. “The Craft of Research, 4thedition. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016), 54.
World Bank Group. “Women, Business and the Law 2018.” (Washington DC: The World Bank, 2018). https://development-data-hub-s3-public.s3.amazonaws.com/ddhfiles/139390/wblrawdata2010201829march2018.xlsx(Accessed: October 8, 2019).