Category: Uncategorized

Operant Box for Auditory Tasks (OBAT)

June 2, 2017

Mariana de Araújo has shared the following regarding OBAT, an operant box designed for auditory tasks developed at the Edmond and Lily Safra International Institute of Neuroscience, Santos Dumont Institute, Macaiba, Brazil. 


Fig. 1
Overview of the OBAT, inside the sound-attenuating chamber with the door open. External sources of heating were left outside the chamber: (a) Arduino Mega 2560 and shields and (b) the power amplifier. The modules controlling sound delivery, the response bars, and reward delivery can be seen in this lateral view: (c) speaker, (d) retractable bars, (e) reward delivery system, and (f) reward dispenser. The animal was kept inside the (g) Plexiglas chamber, and monitored by an (h) internal camera mounted on the wall of the (i) sound isolation chamber

OBAT is a low cost operant box designed to train small primates in auditory tasks. The device presents auditory stimuli via a MP3 player shield connected to an Arduino Mega 2560 through an intermediate, custom-made shield. It also controls two touch-sensitive bars and a reward delivery system. A Graphical User Interface allows the experimenter to easily set the parameters of the experimental sessions. All board schematics, source code, equipment specification and design are available at GitHub and at the publication. Despite its low cost, OBAT has a high temporal accuracy and reliably sends TTL signals to other equipment. Finally, the device was tested with one marmoset, showing that it can successfully be used to train these animals in an auditory two-choice task.


Ribeiro MW, Neto JFR, Morya E, Brasil FL, de Araújo MFP (2017) OBAT: An open-source and low- cost operant box for auditory discriminative tasksBehav Res Methods. doi: 10.3758/s13428-017-0906-6

FinchScope

May 19th, 2017 

William Liberti, from the Gardner Lab out of Boston University, has shared the following with Open Behavior regarding ‘FinchScope’. Although originally designed for finches, the 3D printed single-photon fluorescent imaging microscope has since been adapted for rodents and other avian species.


The FinchScope project aims to provide a modular in-vivo optophysiology rig for awake, freely behaving animals, with a transparent acquisition and analysis pipeline. The goal is to produce a customizable and scaleable single-photon fluorescent imaging microscope system that takes advantage of developing open-source analysis platforms. These tools are built from easily procured off-the-shelf components and 3D printed parts.
We provide designs for a 3D printed,  lightweight, wireless-capable microscope and motorized commutator, designed for multi-month monitoring the neural activity (via genetically encoded calcium indicators) of zebra finches while they sing their courtship songs. It has since been adapted for rodents, and to other birds such as canaries.
The Github project page can be found here.
Link to share: https://edspace.american.edu/openbehavior/2017/05/19/finchscope/

Nose Poke Device

April 20, 2017 

Andre Chagas, creator of OpenNeuroscience, has generously shared the following with OpenBehavior regarding an arduino-based, 3D-printed nose poke device:


“This nose poke device was built as “proof-of-principle”. The idea was to show that scientists too can leverage from the open source philosophy and the knowledge built by the community that is developing around open source hardware. Moreover, the bill of materials was kept simple and affordable. One device can be built for ~25 dollars and should take 2-3 hours to build, including the time to print parts.

The device is organised as follows: The 3D printed frame (which can also be built with other materials when a printer is not available) contains a hole where the animals are expected to insert their snouts. At the front part of the hole, an infrared led is aligned with an infrared detector. This forms an “infrared curtain” at the hole’s entrance. If this curtain is interrupted, a signal is sent to a microcontroller (an Arduino in this case), and it can be used to trigger other electronic components, such as a water pump, or an led indicator, or in this case a Piezo buzzer.
At the back of the hole, a white LED is placed to indicate that the system is active and ready for “nose pokes”.

The microcontroller, contains the code responsible for controlling the electronic parts, and can easily be changed, as it is written for Arduino and several code examples/tutorials (for begginners and experts) can be found online.”

Find more documentation on FigShare and Open Neuroscience.

Link to share:  https://edspace.american.edu/openbehavior/2017/04/20/nose-poke-device/

Pixying Behavior

APril 3, 2017 

Robert Sachdev, from the Neurocure Cluster of Excellence, Humboldt Universität Zu BerlinGermany, has generously shared the following regarding automated optical tracking of animal movement: 


“We have developed a method for tracking the motion of whiskers, limbs and whole animals in real-time. We show how to use a plug and play Pixy camera to monitor the real-time motion of multiple colored objects and apply the same tools for post-hoc analysis of high-speed video. Our method has major advantages over currently available methods: we can track the motion of multiple adjacent whiskers in real-time, and apply the same methods post-hoc, to “recapture” the same motion at a high temporal resolution.  Our method is flexible; it can track objects that are similarly shaped like two adjacent whiskers, forepaws or even two freely moving animals. With this method it becomes possible to use the phase of movement of particular whiskers or a limb to perform closed-loop experiments.”

Link to share:  https://edspace.american.edu/openbehavior/2017/04/03/pixying-behavior/